pubmed: alzheimer's and stem...
NCBI: db=pubmed; Term=alzheimer's and stem cell therapy
NCBI pubmed
  • Secreted type of amyloid precursor protein induces glial differentiation by stimulating the BMP/Smad signaling pathway.
    Related Articles

    Secreted type of amyloid precursor protein induces glial differentiation by stimulating the BMP/Smad signaling pathway.

    Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2014 Apr 10;

    Authors: Kwak YD, Hendrix BJ, Sugaya K

    Abstract
    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases leading to dementia. Although cytotoxicity of amyloid β peptides has been intensively studied within pathophysiology of AD, the physiological function of amyloid precursor protein (APP) still remains unclarified. We have shown previously that secreted APPα (sAPPα) is associated with glial differentiation of neural stem cells. To elucidate specific mechanisms underlying sAPPα-induced gliogenesis, we examined the potential involvement of bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs). BMPs are one of the gliogenic factors, involved in glial differentiation of neural progenitor cells. When expressions of BMP-2, -4, and -7 were examined, upregulation of BMP-4 expression was solely observed as a result of treatment with sAPPα in a time and dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the treatment of sAPPα promoted phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8, a downstream signaling mediator of BMP receptors. Interestingly, N-terminal domain of APP (1-205) was sufficient to elevate BMP4 expression, resulting in an increase of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression and activation of p-Smad1/5/8. However, the application of APP neutralizing antibody and anti-BMP4 antibody significantly suppressed expression of BMP-4 as well as phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8. Thus, our results indicate that sAPPα-induced gliogenesis is in part mediated by the BMP-4 signaling pathway. We also observed upregulation of BMP-4 and phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 in APP transgenic mice. It is imperative to unravel the mechanisms underlying the role of BMP-4 during APPα-induced glial differentiation in hope of providing novel prevention or treatment for AD.

    PMID: 24727450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

pubmed: alzheimer's and stem...
NCBI: db=pubmed; Term=alzheimer's and stem cell treatment
NCBI pubmed
  • Secreted type of amyloid precursor protein induces glial differentiation by stimulating the BMP/Smad signaling pathway.
    Related Articles

    Secreted type of amyloid precursor protein induces glial differentiation by stimulating the BMP/Smad signaling pathway.

    Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2014 Apr 10;

    Authors: Kwak YD, Hendrix BJ, Sugaya K

    Abstract
    Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases leading to dementia. Although cytotoxicity of amyloid β peptides has been intensively studied within pathophysiology of AD, the physiological function of amyloid precursor protein (APP) still remains unclarified. We have shown previously that secreted APPα (sAPPα) is associated with glial differentiation of neural stem cells. To elucidate specific mechanisms underlying sAPPα-induced gliogenesis, we examined the potential involvement of bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs). BMPs are one of the gliogenic factors, involved in glial differentiation of neural progenitor cells. When expressions of BMP-2, -4, and -7 were examined, upregulation of BMP-4 expression was solely observed as a result of treatment with sAPPα in a time and dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the treatment of sAPPα promoted phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8, a downstream signaling mediator of BMP receptors. Interestingly, N-terminal domain of APP (1-205) was sufficient to elevate BMP4 expression, resulting in an increase of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression and activation of p-Smad1/5/8. However, the application of APP neutralizing antibody and anti-BMP4 antibody significantly suppressed expression of BMP-4 as well as phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8. Thus, our results indicate that sAPPα-induced gliogenesis is in part mediated by the BMP-4 signaling pathway. We also observed upregulation of BMP-4 and phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 in APP transgenic mice. It is imperative to unravel the mechanisms underlying the role of BMP-4 during APPα-induced glial differentiation in hope of providing novel prevention or treatment for AD.

    PMID: 24727450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]