Effect of BDNF and Other Potential Survival Factors in Models of In Vitro Oxidative Stress on Adult Spinal Cord-Derived Neural Stem/Progenitor Cells.
Biores Open Access. 2015;4(1):146-159
Authors: Hachem LD, Mothe AJ, Tator CH
Transplantation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NSPCs) is a promising strategy in spinal cord injury (SCI). However, poor survival of transplanted stem cells remains a major limitation of this therapy due to the hostile environment of the injured cord. Oxidative stress is a hallmark in the pathogenesis of SCI; however, its effects on NSPCs from the adult spinal cord have yet to be examined. We therefore developed in vitro models of mild and severe oxidative stress of adult spinal cord-derived NSPCs and used these models to examine potential cell survival factors. NSPCs harvested from the adult rat spinal cord were treated with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in vitro to induce oxidative stress. A mild 4 h exposure to H2O2 (500 μM) significantly increased the level of intracellular reactive oxygen species with minimal effect on viability. In contrast, 24 h of oxidative stress led to a marked reduction in cell survival. Pretreatment with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) for 48 h attenuated the increase in intracellular reactive oxygen species and enhanced survival. This survival effect was associated with a significant reduction in the number of apoptotic cells and a significant increase in the activity of the antioxidant enzymes glutathione reductase and superoxide dismutase. BDNF treatment had no effect on NSPC differentiation or proliferation. In contrast, cyclosporin A and thyrotropin-releasing hormone had minimal or no effect on NSPC survival. Thus, these models of in vitro oxidative stress may be useful for screening neuroprotective factors administered prior to transplantation to enhance survival of stem cell transplants.
PMID: 26309791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]